Miodrag Jovanovic, Kristin Henrard
Sovereignty, namely multiculturalism, federalism and decentralization as well as minority rights. Finally, Part III groups together three case studies; the first two deal with the secession and partition theme, while the last one shows the potential of other, less controversial means to address tensions about sovereignty.
By observing sovereignty and diversity through the lens of a broader liberal- democratic doctrine, this book aims at setting out plausible strategies to cope with the problems evolving from these issues.
It provides a welcome contribution to the discussion about sovereignty and diversity.
Stephen E. Hanson.
This book examines the causal impact of ideology through a comparative- historical analysis of three cases of “post-imperial democracy”: the early Third Republic in France (1870-1886), the Weimar Republic in Germany (1918-1934), and post-Soviet Russia (1992-2008). Stephen E. Hanson argues that political ideologies are typically necessary for the mobilization of enduring, independent national party organizations in uncertain democracies. Clear and consistent ideologies can artificially elongate the temporal horizons of their adherents. By presenting an explicit and desirable picture of the political future, successful ideologues induce individuals to embrace a long-run strategy of cooperation with other converts. When enough new converts cooperate in this way, it enables sustained collective action to defend and extend party power. Successful party ideologies thus have the character of self-fulfilling prophecies: by portraying the future polity as one organized to serve the interests of those loyal to specific ideological principles, they help to bring political organizations centered on these principles into being.
Ihis Lexicon on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding comes at a critical time for post-conflict peacebuilding. Its rapid move towards the top of the international political agenda has been accompanied by added scrutiny, as the international community seeks to meet the multi-dimensional challenges of building a just and sustainable peace in societies ravaged by war. Beyond the strictly operational dimension, there is considerable ambiguity in the concepts and terminology used to discuss post-conflict peacebuilding. Ihis ambiguity undermines efforts to agree on common understandings of how peace can be most effectively 'built', thereby impeding swift, coherent action. Accordingly, this Lexicon aims to clarity and illuminate the multiple facets of post-conflict peacebuilding, by presenting its major themes and trends from an analytical perspective.
To this end, the Lexicon opens with a general introduction on the concept of post-conflict peacebuilding, followed by twenty-six essays on its key elements (including capacity-building, conflict transformation, reconciliation, recover)', rule of law, security sector reform, and transitional justice). The essays were entrusted to international experts from a range of disciplines, including political science and international relations, international law,economics, and sociology. In reflecting a diversity of perspectives the Lexicon sheds light on many different challenges associated with post-conflict peacebuilding. For each key concept a generic definition is proposed, which is then expanded through discussion of three main areas: the meaning and origin of the concept; its content and essential components; and its means of implementation, including lessons learned from past practice.
Dr Vincent Chctail is Associate Professor in Public International Law at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva and Research Director at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian I .aw and I luman Rights. He is also Editor-in-Chicf of Refugee Survey Quarterly and has been a consultant for the Office of the United Nations 1 ligh Commfesioner for Refugees for several years.
James L. Gelvin
Now in its third edition, James L. Gelvin’s award-winning account of the conflict between Israelis and their forebears, on the one hand, and Palestinians and theirs, on the other, offers a compelling, accessible, and up-to-date introduction for students and general readers. Newly revised to take into account the effects of the 2010-11 Arab uprisings on the conflict and the recognition of Palestine as a “non-member observer state” by the United Nations, the book traces the struggle from the emergence of nationalism among the Jews of Europe and the Arab inhabitants of Ottoman Palestine through the present, exploring the external pressures and internal logic that have propelled it. Placing events in Palestine within the framework of global history, The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War skillfully interweaves biographical sketches, eyewitness accounts, poetry, fiction, and official documentation into its narrative.
James L. Gelvin is Professor of Modern Middle Eastern History at the University of California, Los Angeles. A specialist in the modern social and cultural history of the Arab East, he is author of Divided Loyalties: Nationalism and Mass Politics in Syria at the Close of Empire (1998), The Modern Middle East: A History (2004), and The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know (2012). He is also co-editor of Global Muslims in the Age of Print and Steam, 1850-1930 (2013).
For nearly 60 years--from its uprising against British rule in the 1950s, to the bloody civil war between Greek and Turkish Cypriots in the 1960s, the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in the 1970s, and the United Nation's ongoing 30-year effort to reunite the island--the tiny Mediterranean nation of Cyprus has taken a disproportionate share of the international spotlight. And while it has been often in the news, accurate and impartial information on the conflict has been nearly impossible to obtain.
Richard C. M. Mole
The Baltic States are unique in being the only member-states of the EU to have fought to regain their sovereignty from the Soviet Union, only then to cede it to Brussels in certain key areas. Similarly, no member-states have had to struggle as hard as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to preserve their identity after 50 years of Soviet nationality policy in the face of sub-state and supra-state challenges. The post-communist experience of the Baltic States thus allows us to examine debates about identity as a source of political power, the conditioning and constraining influence of identity discourses on social, political and economic change, and the orientation and outcome of their external relations. In particular, the book examines the impact of Russian and Soviet control of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the Baltic independence movements of the late 1980s/early 1990s, the citizenship debates, relations with Russia vis-a-vis the withdrawal of the troops of the former Soviet Army, the drawing of the shared boundary and the rights of Russian- speaking minorities, and the efforts undertaken by the three Baltic States to rebuild themselves, modernize their economies, cope with the ensuing social changes and facilitate their accession to the EU and NATO.
Richard C. M. Mole is Senior Lecturer in Political Sociology at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London. His research focuses on the relationship between identity, discourse and power in Central and Eastern Europe.
Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, this important book explores the role of France in the events leading up to the end of the Cold War and German unification. Most accounts concentrate on the role of the United States and look at these events through the bipolar prism of Soviet-American relations. Yet because of its central position in Europe and of its status as Germany's foremost European partner, France and its President, François Mitterrand, played a decisive role in these pivotal international events: the peaceful liberation of Eastern Europe from Soviet rule starting in 1988, the fall of the Berlin Wall and Germany's return to unity and full sovereignty in 1989/90, and the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Based on extensive research and a vast amount of archival sources, this book explores the role played by France in shaping a new European order.
James Ker-Lindsay is IAA Defence Analysis Institute Senior Research Fellow at the Hellenic Observatory, European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science and Senior Research Fellow in European and International Studies at Kingston University, London. A specialist on the politics and international relations of South East Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, his other books include Crisis and Conciliation: A Year of Rapprochement between Greece and Turkey (I.B.Tauris) and EU Accession and UN Peacemaking in Cyprus. He also has a practical background in conflict resolution, previously serving as the co-ordinator of the Greek-Turkish Forum at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI).
This book is a reinterpretation of international relations in the period from 1919 to 1939. Avoiding simplistic explanations such as appeasement and British decline, Keith Neilson demonstrates that the underlying cause of the Second World War was the intellectual failure to find an effective means of maintaining the new world order created in 1919. With secret diplomacy, alliances and the balance of power seen as having caused the First World War, the makers of British policy after 1919 were forced to rely on instruments of liberal internationalism such as arms control, the League of Nations and global public opinion to preserve peace. Using Britain’s relations with Soviet Russia as a focus for a re-examination of Britain’s dealings with Germany and Japan, this book shows that these tools were inadequate to deal with the physical and ideological threats posed by Bolshevism, fascism, Naziism and Japanese militarism.
«500 самых важных слов немецкого языка» — это краткий справочник, содержащий все самые необходимые слова немецкого языка. К словам даются примеры употребления в живой разговорной речи. Материал в книге представлен в виде таблиц, которые упрощают запоминание слов.
Издание будет полезно всем начинающим изучать немецкий язык, поможет пополнить словарный запас и разнообразит разговорную речь. Книга предназначена для широкого круга читателей.
В.М. Завьялова, Л.В. Ильина
Цель курса - приобретение в предельно сжатые сроки необходимых умений - понимать речь на немецком языке и вести несложную беседу на бытовые и деловые темы.
По сравнению с предыдущим изданием в настоящее издание дополнительно включены тексты для чтения и внесена редакционная правка.
Предназначен для широкого круга лиц, изучающих язык на курсах, в кружках и самостоятельно.
Аҭоурыхтә роман х-шәҟукны
Изалшома аматематика аԥсуа бызшәала арцәажәара? Ари азҵаара аҭак аҟаҵара иазкуп аусумҭа.
Араҟа иаагоуп аматематика аҵакы шьҭызхуа, ҳбызшәа ианаалап ззуҳәартә иҟоу имаҷымкәа ажәа ҿыцқәа. Аусумҭа иаанарԥшуеит ҳбызшәа шбеиоу, аха иҵегь иҵауланы амаҭәартә бызшәақәа рганахь ала аҭҵаара шаҭаху.
Ашәҟәаҟны иарбоуп алгебра 5-ҭәи - 9-ҭәи аклассқәа рпрограмма иаҵанакуа. Ашьақәыргылашьеи амаҭәарҵаки реицааишьа убас еикәыршәоуп, рҵага шәҟәык аҳасаб ала аҵаҩцәеи арҵаҩцәеи рзы ахархәара алшартә, иара убасгьы аԥсуа бызшәа иазҿлымҳау рзы абызшәа даҽа ганкахьала иагәылаԥшыртә.
Работа посвящена исследованию возможности озвучивания математики (геометрии и алгебры) на абхазском языке. Предложено немало терминов, позволяющих осуществить это намерение.
Объем изложенного материала охватывает школьную программу математики с 5 по 9 классы.
Метод и последовательность изложения материала позволяет рекомендовать данную работу в качестве учебного пособия по алгебре на абхазском языке, кроме того, может представить немалый интерес для языковедов.
О.П. Ӡиӡариа (Ӡари-иԥа)
Ажәар иагәылоуп аҭаацәара, аҭаацәара алалара, амаҭәа, аҩнымаҭәа, амшын ус, аргылара, ачыс уҳәа ирыдҳәалоу алексемақәа реиԥш аԥстәқәеи, аԥсаатәқәеи, аҵлеи, ашәырҵлеи, аҵиааи уахь иналаҵаны рыхьӡқәа, иара убас аекономикатә, азиндырратә терминологиақәеи, ауаҩытәыҩса иԥсҭазаара ҳәаақәызҵо акультуратә, аҭоурыхтә, адинтә еилкаарақәеи.
Ажәар акыр ихәарҭахоит аԥсуаа рдоуҳатә культуреи, азанааҭтә лексикеи интересс измоу аԥхьаҩцәа зегьы рзы.
Монография посвящена актуальным проблемам фольклористики, продиктованным насущной необходимостью комплексного словесно-аудио-визуального исследования фольклорного стиля. Работа выполнена по особой методике, предусматривающей изучение образцов устнопоэтического творчества в их живом бытовании в свете требований экспериментального направления в фольклористике с обязательным использованием специальных разновременных повторных записей сказочных текстов, а также кино- и фотодокументов. Цель и задачи исследования - вскрытие особенностей стиля сказочного повествования в их обусловленности законами сохранения и передачи традиции.
В работе исследованы истоки идейно-эстетических традиций абхазской художественной литературы, складывавшиеся из национальной устно-поэтической словесности и под влиянием развитых литератур (в частности, русской и грузинской), а также освещается предыстория зарождения абхазской литературы. Рост национального самосознания народа автор рассматривает как фактор, предопределивший появление первых образованных абхазов, как фактор, положивший начало формированию абхазской интеллигенции. Книга рассчитана на литературоведов, фольклористов и широкий круг читателей.
Richard Hogg, David Denison
The history and development of English, from the earliest known writings to its status today as a dominant world language, is a subject of major importance to linguists and historians. In this authoritative volume, a team of international experts cover the entire recorded history of the English language,outliningitsdevelopmentoverﬁfteencenturies.With an emphasis on more recent periods, every key stage in the history of the language is discussed, with full accounts of standardisation, names, the distribution of English in Britain and North America, and its global spread. New historical surveys of the crucial aspects of the language (sounds, word structure, grammar and vocabulary) are presented, and historical changes that have affected English are treated as a continuing process, helping to explain the shape of the languagetoday.Comprehensiveandfullyup-to-date,thevolume will be indispensable to all advanced students, scholars and teachers in this prominent ﬁeld.
richard hogg is Smith Professor of Language and Medieval English at the University of Manchester. He is editor of volume 1 of The Cambridge History of the English Language(sixvolumes,1992–2001)andoneofthefounding editorsofthejournalEnglishLanguageandLinguistics(also published by Cambridge University Press). He is author of Metrical Phonology with Christopher McCully (Cambridge University Press, 1986), AGrammar of Old English (1992) and An Introduction to Old English (2002). He is Fellow of theBritishAcademy(1994),andFellowoftheRoyalSociety of Edinburgh (2004).
david denisonisProfessorofEnglishLinguisticsatthe UniversityofManchester,andhasheldvisitingappointments at the universities of Amsterdam, British Columbia, Santiago de Compostela and Paris 3. He is one of the founding editorsofthejournalEnglishLanguageandLinguistics(publishedbyCambridgeUniversityPress),andauthorofEnglish HistoricalSyntax(1993/2004)andofthe‘Syntax’chapterin volume4ofTheCambridgeHistoryoftheEnglishLanguage (1998). He is also co-editor of Fuzzy Grammar (2004).
O.Clive, L.Christina, S.Paul
The course that gets students talking
Fun, motivating lessons that work
The perfect balance of grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and skills to get your students speaking English with confidence.
A complete package for teachers and students
The Teacher's Book gives you the support you need, and all the components work together for more effective learning.
Successful Writing Proficiency consists of nine units which cover all types of composition writing (description narratives, letters, discursive essays, articles, reviews) required at advanced levels. Each unit starts with a lean listening activity through which the basic plan for the type of writing the unit deals with is introduced. This also sen as a brainstorming activity, giving the teacher the chance to elicit useful language and ideas on the topic discussion. Detailed theory and plans are provided to be used as a reference by students. A variety of models which the theory is applied are followed by exercises to improve students’ writing skills, focusing on registering a style. The exercises are graded, leading to the acquisition of those skills needed for students to be able to write successfully at advanced levels. Topic identification, “discuss and write” sections and study check sections reinforce students’ knowledge and remind them of the structures previously presented, thus helping them revise the write areas covered in the book. The Teacher’s Book provides answers to the exercises, model plans, transcripts of 1 listening exercises and useful teaching tips. At the back of the Teacher’s Book are marked model compositions help teachers mark students’ compositions. The book is accompanied by a cassette with all the listening exercise The units can either be presented in the order they appear in the book or teachers can select the unit they want resent according to their own judgment and their students’ needs. The course can be covered in approximately 30 one-hour lessons.
This attractive resource is organized thematically in segments covering the history of the English language (Old English, Middle English, Modern English, English in different parts of the world); English vocabulary (its nature, structure, sources, etymology, and the dimensions of the lexicon); English grammar (structure of words and sentences, definitions of the main branches of grammar); spoken and written English; English usage (varieties of discourse and regional, social, and personal usage variations); and how people learn English and new ways to study English. Appendixes include a glossary, a list of symbols and abbreviations, references and addresses, further readings, and indexes of names, items, and topics.