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500 самых важных слов немецкого языка. Начальный уровень

500 самых важных слов немецкого языка. Начальный уровень

Е.В. Власова
«500 самых важных слов немецкого языка» — это краткий справочник, содержащий все самые необходимые слова немецкого языка. К словам даются примеры употребления в живой разговорной речи. Материал в книге представлен в виде таблиц, которые упрощают запоминание слов.
Издание будет полезно всем начинающим изучать немецкий язык, поможет пополнить словарный запас и разнообразит разговорную речь. Книга предназначена для широкого круга читателей.
Практический курс немецкого языка (для начинающих)

Практический курс немецкого языка (для начинающих)

В.М. Завьялова, Л.В. Ильина
Цель курса - приобретение в предельно сжатые сроки необходимых умений - понимать речь на немецком языке и вести несложную беседу на бытовые и деловые темы.
По сравнению с предыдущим изданием в настоящее издание дополнительно включены тексты для чтения и внесена редакционная правка.
Предназначен для широкого круга лиц, изучающих язык на курсах, в кружках и самостоятельно.
European Foreign Policy during the Cold War: Heath, Brandt, Pompidou and the Dream of Political Unity

European Foreign Policy during the Cold War: Heath, Brandt, Pompidou and the Dream of Political Unity

Daniel Mockli
This is the first comprehensive study of European foreign policy in this period. It is based on extensive and original interviews with Henry Kissinger among others and lots of new, previously unavailable primary sources. It addresses the very current issue of American-European relations.Europe's first attempts at a united foreign policy after 1969 were remarkably successful but by 1974 this brief moment of concord had vanished. Why were the EC countries able to speak with one voice in the early 1970s, what caused European Political Cooperation to plunge into crisis, and what consequences - still felt today - did this have for Europe's role in the world and its relations with the US? This ground-breaking book is the first to analyse this period using previously unavailable archival material and first-hand interviews."European Foreign Policy during the Cold War" illuminates the challenge of establishing Europe as an effective political power with brilliant clarity. Filling an important gap in the history of Europe, it covers an issue that is highly topical and controversial today.
English grammar. = Как разобраться в английских временах

English grammar. = Как разобраться в английских временах

Б.Ф. Дениелс
English grammar. = Как разобраться в английских временах Основные положения Один абзац - всегда рассказывать одним временем. I work, I go, I sing В каком времени вопрос – в таком же и ответ. Have you done the job? I have done the job Самые популярные времена - золотая пятерка present indefinite, past indefinite, future indefinite, present continuous, present perfect Остальные излишние и редкие. В русском 3 времени, и мы нормально живем – в английском 16 это перебор. Они дублируют друг друга Есть проблема промежуточного склонения: I have am listening 2 времени смешалось 4 класса признаки, на что следует смотреть Группа времен Indefinite Ничего неизвестно, не время, не результат Continuous Важно узнать время, любое время детективов Perfect Выбить результат любой ценой Perfect Continuous Создавать активность, как при приходе начальника Иностранцы всегда смотрят на опорные слова. Вывод: зная опорные слова - ВСЕГДА можно точно указать время
The Ashgate Research Companion to Secession

The Ashgate Research Companion to Secession

Aleksandar Pavkovic, Peter Radan
Secessionist movements - often referred to by euphemisms such as "wars of national liberation", "remedial" responses to massive human rights violations, "unique" situations, or simply "dissolutions" of existing states - continue to disrupt the stability of the international order. This volume helps us to engage in an honest and necessary debate about ways of changing current borders, since demands for such changes will inevitably continue.
Hurst Hannum, Tufts University, USA
From Scotland to Puntland, and from South Ossetia to South Sudan, secession raises fundamental questions for national states and the international community. This uniquely comprehensive survey of current arguments and pressing prospects by political scientists, international lawyers, historians and political philosophers marks a major advance in an increasingly sophisticated field and will be the starting-point for future research.
David Armitage, Harvard University, USA
Sovereignty and diversity

Sovereignty and diversity

Miodrag Jovanovic, Kristin Henrard
Sovereignty, namely multiculturalism, federalism and decentralization as well as minority rights. Finally, Part III groups together three case studies; the first two deal with the secession and partition theme, while the last one shows the potential of other, less controversial means to address tensions about sovereignty.
By observing sovereignty and diversity through the lens of a broader liberal- democratic doctrine, this book aims at setting out plausible strategies to cope with the problems evolving from these issues.
It provides a welcome contribution to the discussion about sovereignty and diversity.
Post-imperial democracies : ideology and party formation in Third Republic France, Weimar Germany, and post-Soviet Russia

Post-imperial democracies : ideology and party formation in Third Republic France, Weimar Germany, and post-Soviet Russia

Stephen E. Hanson.
This book examines the causal impact of ideology through a comparative- historical analysis of three cases of “post-imperial democracy”: the early Third Republic in France (1870-1886), the Weimar Republic in Germany (1918-1934), and post-Soviet Russia (1992-2008). Stephen E. Hanson argues that political ideologies are typically necessary for the mobilization of enduring, independent national party organizations in uncertain democracies. Clear and consistent ideologies can artificially elongate the temporal horizons of their adherents. By presenting an explicit and desirable picture of the political future, successful ideologues induce individuals to embrace a long-run strategy of cooperation with other converts. When enough new converts cooperate in this way, it enables sustained collective action to defend and extend party power. Successful party ideologies thus have the character of self-fulfilling prophecies: by portraying the future polity as one organized to serve the interests of those loyal to specific ideological principles, they help to bring political organizations centered on these principles into being.
Post-conflict Peacebuilding: A Lexicon

Post-conflict Peacebuilding: A Lexicon

Vincent Chetail
Ihis Lexicon on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding comes at a critical time for post-conflict peacebuilding. Its rapid move towards the top of the international political agenda has been accompanied by added scrutiny, as the international community seeks to meet the multi-dimensional challenges of building a just and sustainable peace in societies ravaged by war. Beyond the strictly operational dimension, there is considerable ambiguity in the concepts and terminology used to discuss post-conflict peacebuilding. Ihis ambiguity undermines efforts to agree on common understandings of how peace can be most effectively 'built', thereby impeding swift, coherent action. Accordingly, this Lexicon aims to clarity and illuminate the multiple facets of post-conflict peacebuilding, by presenting its major themes and trends from an analytical perspective.
To this end, the Lexicon opens with a general introduction on the concept of post-conflict peacebuilding, followed by twenty-six essays on its key elements (including capacity-building, conflict transformation, reconciliation, recover)', rule of law, security sector reform, and transitional justice). The essays were entrusted to international experts from a range of disciplines, including political science and international relations, international law,economics, and sociology. In reflecting a diversity of perspectives the Lexicon sheds light on many different challenges associated with post-conflict peacebuilding. For each key concept a generic definition is proposed, which is then expanded through discussion of three main areas: the meaning and origin of the concept; its content and essential components; and its means of implementation, including lessons learned from past practice.
Dr Vincent Chctail is Associate Professor in Public International Law at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva and Research Director at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian I .aw and I luman Rights. He is also Editor-in-Chicf of Refugee Survey Quarterly and has been a consultant for the Office of the United Nations 1 ligh Commfesioner for Refugees for several years.
The Israel-Palestine conflict: one hundred years of war

The Israel-Palestine conflict: one hundred years of war

James L. Gelvin
Now in its third edition, James L. Gelvin’s award-winning account of the conflict between Israelis and their forebears, on the one hand, and Palestinians and theirs, on the other, offers a compelling, accessible, and up-to-date introduction for students and general readers. Newly revised to take into account the effects of the 2010-11 Arab uprisings on the conflict and the recognition of Palestine as a “non-member observer state” by the United Nations, the book traces the struggle from the emergence of nationalism among the Jews of Europe and the Arab inhabitants of Ottoman Palestine through the present, exploring the external pressures and internal logic that have propelled it. Placing events in Palestine within the framework of global history, The Israel-Palestine Conflict: One Hundred Years of War skillfully interweaves biographical sketches, eyewitness accounts, poetry, fiction, and official documentation into its narrative.
James L. Gelvin is Professor of Modern Middle Eastern History at the University of California, Los Angeles. A specialist in the modern social and cultural history of the Arab East, he is author of Divided Loyalties: Nationalism and Mass Politics in Syria at the Close of Empire (1998), The Modern Middle East: A History (2004), and The Arab Uprisings: What Everyone Needs to Know (2012). He is also co-editor of Global Muslims in the Age of Print and Steam, 1850-1930 (2013).
The Cyprus problem: what everyone needs to know

The Cyprus problem: what everyone needs to know

James Ker-Lindsay
For nearly 60 years--from its uprising against British rule in the 1950s, to the bloody civil war between Greek and Turkish Cypriots in the 1960s, the Turkish invasion of Cyprus in the 1970s, and the United Nation's ongoing 30-year effort to reunite the island--the tiny Mediterranean nation of Cyprus has taken a disproportionate share of the international spotlight. And while it has been often in the news, accurate and impartial information on the conflict has been nearly impossible to obtain.
The Baltic States from the Soviet Union to the European Union Identity, discourse and power in the post-communist transition of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

The Baltic States from the Soviet Union to the European Union Identity, discourse and power in the post-communist transition of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

Richard C. M. Mole
The Baltic States are unique in being the only member-states of the EU to have fought to regain their sovereignty from the Soviet Union, only then to cede it to Brussels in certain key areas. Similarly, no member-states have had to struggle as hard as Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to preserve their identity after 50 years of Soviet nationality policy in the face of sub-state and supra-state challenges. The post-communist experience of the Baltic States thus allows us to examine debates about identity as a source of political power, the conditioning and constraining influence of identity discourses on social, political and economic change, and the orientation and outcome of their external relations. In particular, the book examines the impact of Russian and Soviet control of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania, the Baltic independence movements of the late 1980s/early 1990s, the citizenship debates, relations with Russia vis-a-vis the withdrawal of the troops of the former Soviet Army, the drawing of the shared boundary and the rights of Russian- speaking minorities, and the efforts undertaken by the three Baltic States to rebuild themselves, modernize their economies, cope with the ensuing social changes and facilitate their accession to the EU and NATO.
Richard C. M. Mole is Senior Lecturer in Political Sociology at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University College London. His research focuses on the relationship between identity, discourse and power in Central and Eastern Europe.
Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War and German Unification

Mitterrand, the End of the Cold War and German Unification

Frédéric Bozo
Twenty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, this important book explores the role of France in the events leading up to the end of the Cold War and German unification. Most accounts concentrate on the role of the United States and look at these events through the bipolar prism of Soviet-American relations. Yet because of its central position in Europe and of its status as Germany's foremost European partner, France and its President, François Mitterrand, played a decisive role in these pivotal international events: the peaceful liberation of Eastern Europe from Soviet rule starting in 1988, the fall of the Berlin Wall and Germany's return to unity and full sovereignty in 1989/90, and the breakup of the USSR in 1991. Based on extensive research and a vast amount of archival sources, this book explores the role played by France in shaping a new European order.
Kosovo the Path to Contested Statehood in the Balkans

Kosovo the Path to Contested Statehood in the Balkans

James Ker-Lindsay
James Ker-Lindsay is IAA Defence Analysis Institute Senior Research Fellow at the Hellenic Observatory, European Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science and Senior Research Fellow in European and International Studies at Kingston University, London. A specialist on the politics and international relations of South East Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean, his other books include Crisis and Conciliation: A Year of Rapprochement between Greece and Turkey (I.B.Tauris) and EU Accession and UN Peacemaking in Cyprus. He also has a practical background in conflict resolution, previously serving as the co-ordinator of the Greek-Turkish Forum at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI).
Britain, Soviet Russia and the Collapse of the Versailles Order, 1919-1939

Britain, Soviet Russia and the Collapse of the Versailles Order, 1919-1939

Keith Neilson
This book is a reinterpretation of international relations in the period from 1919 to 1939. Avoiding simplistic explanations such as appeasement and British decline, Keith Neilson demonstrates that the underlying cause of the Second World War was the intellectual failure to find an effective means of maintaining the new world order created in 1919. With secret diplomacy, alliances and the balance of power seen as having caused the First World War, the makers of British policy after 1919 were forced to rely on instruments of liberal internationalism such as arms control, the League of Nations and global public opinion to preserve peace. Using Britain’s relations with Soviet Russia as a focus for a re-examination of Britain’s dealings with Germany and Japan, this book shows that these tools were inadequate to deal with the physical and ideological threats posed by Bolshevism, fascism, Naziism and Japanese militarism.
Вторая мировая война

Вторая мировая война

Уинстон Черчилль
Шеститомный труд У. Черчилля – героическая эпопея народов, выступивших против планетарной опасности, написанная выдающимся политиком, скрупулезным историком и талантливым литератором. Это летопись повседневного руководства страной государственного деятеля, чей вклад в общее дело победы антигитлеровской коалиции ни у кого не вызывает сомнений. Это размышления над прошлым, призванные послужить назиданием потомкам.
В первой книге публикуются в сокращенном переводе с английского I и II тома мемуаров и описаны события с 1919 года по декабрь 1940 года, которые привели к ненужной, по словам автора, войне, которой можно было избежать.
Во второй книге публикуются третий и четвертый тома мемуаров и описаны события в период с января 1941 по июнь 1943 г.: вторжение фашистской Германии в Советский Союз, нападение милитаристской Японии на США, создание антигитлеровской коалиции, переход союзников от обороны к наступлению.
В третьей книге публикуются пятый и шестой тома мемуаров и описаны события в период с июня 1943 г. по июль 1945 г. – капитуляция союзников Германии, Тегеранская, Ялтинская и Потсдамская конференции, высадка американских, английских и канадских войск в Нормандии, разгром гитлеровских войск в результате исторических побед Советской армии и союзников, капитуляция Германии.
Английский для будущих дипломатов

Английский для будущих дипломатов

Е.М. Зелтынь, Г.П. Легкодух
Данный учебник предназначен для студентов старших курсов и магистрантов факультетов международных отношений, политологии и регионоведения. Учебник включает в себя аутентичные тексты из английской и американской прессы по актуальным аспектам политической, экономической и культурной жизни Великобритании и США.
Тексты снабжены подробным лингвистическим и историческим комментарием и аппаратом упражнений, направленных на дальнейшее совершенствование языковой, речевой и страноведческой подготовки студентов.
Богатый лингвострановедческий материал учебника способствует расширению специальных и общекультурных знаний студентов о странах изучаемого языка, Особое внимание уделяется развитию навыка аналитического чтения английских текстов повышенной сложности по общественно-политической и социальной тематике, а также развитию профессиональных навыков ведения дискуссии по проблемам современности.
Политическая история Ахеменидской державы

Политическая история Ахеменидской державы

М.А. Дандамаев
Очередной труд известного советского историка содержит цельную картину политической истории Ахеменидской державы, возникшей в VI в. до н. э. и существовавшей более двух столетий. В этой первой в истории мировой державе возникли важные для развития общества социально-экономические и политические институты, культурные традиции.
История мировых цивилизаций с древнейших времен до конца XX века. 10—11 кл.

История мировых цивилизаций с древнейших времен до конца XX века. 10—11 кл.

В.М. Хачатурян
Первое пособие по истории мировых цивилизаций, созданное с учетом современных общеобразовательных стандартов, завершает изучение истории в школе. Пособие дает представление об основных закономерностях и направлениях развития мирового цивилизационного процесса, используя для этого обширный материал по истории крупнейших цивилизаций с древнейших времен до конца XX века.
Пособие снабжено материалами источников для семинарских занятий, картами и развернутым методическим аппаратом.
Рекомендовано к изданию Министерством образования Российской Федерации и включено в Федеральный перечень учебников.
Древнейшие цивилизации Ближнего Востока

Древнейшие цивилизации Ближнего Востока

Дж. Мелларт
В книге Дж.Мелларта, одного из крупнейших специалистов по археологии Передней Азии, освещается важнейший этап в истории древнего Востока и всего человечества - период так называемой неолитической революции. Книга является первым переводом на русский язык. Научная ценность издания возрастает благодаря подробному комментарию переводчика.
Политические учения Древнего Рима III-I вв. до н. э.

Политические учения Древнего Рима III-I вв. до н. э.

С.Л. Утченко
В монографии ставится ряд важных теоретических проблем, в первую очередь проблема кризиса основной ячейки античного мира — полиса. Автор рассматривает социальную этику и политические концепции Римской Стой, тенденции развития римской историографии, учения о происхождении государства и права, о наилучшей форме государственного устройства, об идеальном правителе и идеальном гражданине. Выявляя греческие истоки различных учений, автор прослеживает их развитие в Риме в соответствии с римскими традициями, требованиями исторического момента и политическими взглядами определенных социальных слоев.